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The complete guide: What to do when you receive poor quality products from China?

When the quality of your consignment sucks, what action can you take against your Chinese supplier?

Vaughn Cook RockWell Window Wells
Editorial Team
November 5, 2019

Regular visitors to the Sourcing Allies blog will know that we have largely focused on how to prevent disasters while importing manufactured goods from China in past pieces.

But what happens when disaster takes place? When you have paid a Chinese factory for your order, the order has been shipped, there is a hole in your inventory that is waiting to be filled with the new consignment, your customers have been told new stock is on the way, and then the products arrive but they are total rubbish. They do not meet your quality specifications and you just cannot put them out for sale.

What do you do?

What to do when you receive poor quality products from China

Your first reaction may (understandably) be panic. A number of thoughts might cross your mind… such as:

  • It is possible that I have been scammed?
  • Can I send the products back?
  • How do I get my money back?
  • How do I get good replacement products quickly?

Before you proceed, however, you need to establish how exactly the consignment falls short of your quality standards. Poor quality could mean any or all of the following:

  • The dimensions are out of the acceptable specifications.
  • Wrong or inferior quality raw material has been used.
  • The finishing is shoddy.
  • The packaging is sub-standard.
  • Damaged goods.
  • Wrong quantity.

The first may be fixable depending on the dimension (too small holes can be drilled larger etc).

While the second is impossible to fix, the last four can be put right with a little effort.

In this blog, we will discuss your likely options. Your course of action depends on a number of scenarios of your purchase, each of which throws up its own challenges. These are the three main scenarios:

 

Scenario 1: This was a one-time buy via e-commerce giant Alibaba, another trading company, or direct from the Chinese factory.

Likely outcome: You are the most exposed in this scenario. The outcome ranges from “impossible to get a refund” to “slim chance that you might get a refund” to “let’s just write this off”.

This is the most common scenario. When you receive your consignment and find it is defective, the seller usually stops responding to your requests for replacements or refunds. If this happens, the likelihood of resolving this to your satisfaction depends on who the seller is. If the seller is a genuine company, you may still have a remote chance of getting your money back if you are willing to put in the money and time. But if the seller was actually a scamster, it will be quite impossible to track them down, and you would be better off writing off your losses.

Silver lining? As we mentioned in a previous blog, some e-commerce companies offer a service for buyers and sellers that is similar to an escrow service. Alibaba, for instance, says its “Trade Assurance” service adds an extra layer of security for buyers dealing with Chinese suppliers. It promises a refund if:

  1. Your shipment is delayed, beyond the promised date.
  2. Your product does not meet predetermined quality standards.

If you opted for this Trade Assurance, and have clearly defined your quality requirements in your contract with the supplier, you stand a good chance of getting a refund if you enforce your rights under this service. Of course, Alibaba will not take your word for it and will appoint a third-party inspector to investigate your claims to process any refunds. This is likely to take time.

 

Scenario 2: Yours was a one-time purchase using a China sourcing agent.

Likely outcome: You might get refunds, or have new products made correctly without additional cost.

 

If you had engaged a reliable sourcing agent (such as Sourcing Allies) to manage your sourcing from China project, you have a better chance at resolution because at least a dialogue can take place. Ideally, your sourcing agent is in your own country which increases your odds of resolving any issue you may have.

You will need to first establish who is at fault. Were the products made to the drawings and specifications but did not work? Or were the products not made to the drawings and specifications? If not, did the factory manufacture the products wrong, or was information about your specifications not communicated to the factory correctly? You need to apportion blame and when it is clear who is at fault, it will be possible to discuss refunds or new orders.

You could then ask your supplier to either:

  • Replace the products.
  • Give you a complete/partial refund.
  • Fix the product on site (if that is possible)

If the supplier is amenable to any of these options, that’s great. Otherwise you’ll need to see what to do next (more on that later).

 

Scenario 3: You have a long-term relationship with the supplier either through a sourcing agent or trading company, and you have recurring business with them.

Likely outcome: Best chance for a refund or delivery of new products without additional cost.

A long-term relationship with a supplier always increases the chances of a resolution. In this scenario, you have the best chance of saving the day. Your relationship with your supplier gives them an incentive to fix whatever faults you find with your consignment. They may even send you another batch of products against which your previous payment can be adjusted.

 

ARBITRATION VS LITIGATION

ARBITRATION VS LITIGATION

Whatever the purchase scenario, let us assume that you haven’t been able to get your supplier to respond to you and you want to take formal action against the Chinese manufacturer.

You will need to carry out any legal action in China because its courts do not enforce judgments from courts in foreign countries. This process is expensive and time-consuming, and there is no guarantee that the outcome will be in your favor.

Most China sourcing lawyers suggest that buyers insert arbitration clauses in sales contracts to avoid expensive litigation in another country. Indeed, negotiating with your supplier may be the best and most inexpensive way to reach some sort of acceptable resolution. Litigation should always be your last resort.

You may decide to litigate if you haven’t specified a dispute resolution mechanism in your contract, if the value of your consignment is huge enough to warrant it and if the supplier has not responded to your attempts to resolve the impasse out of court. This decision too depends on a number of factors:

  1. The nature of the agreement with your supplier: Were the quality specifications clearly outlined in the agreement? Did the contract refer to any dispute resolution mechanism? (Basically, between arbitration and litigation, the former is the more desirable option.)
  2. The value of your consignment: Is it worth the additional trouble and expense?
  3. Your ability to go for litigation: Is it worth the additional trouble and expense?
  4. Your relationship with the factory: Are you a long-standing customer? Would it be better to just use your relationship with the supplier to resolve this issue?
  5. The location of factory: This is important from a legal point of view with reference to China.
  6. Whether a third-party inspection of the goods was conducted before they were shipped: Also important from a legal point of view with reference to China.

 

You will also do well to heed the advice of several China sourcing experts who have emphasized repeatedly that a buyer must have the following documents in hand to have a reasonable chance at resolution via litigation in China:

  1. Clear contract outlining specifications and acceptable and unacceptable limits of the manufactured product.
  2. Evidence of payments. These payments must be in the name of the seller you want to litigate against, and not in the name of a third party.
  3. Your supplier should have assets that can be attached.
  4. These assets must be located in the jurisdiction mentioned in the contract.

 

IF YOU DON’T WANT TO LITIGATE

Let’s assume, your supplier is not responding. You don’t want to litigate either because it’s not worth the additional expense, and you want to cut your losses and run. You can still do a few things for your personal satisfaction or closure.

  • You could call out the company on social media – Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Weibo – by putting out details of how exactly they did not meet your expectations/scammed you.
  • You could blacklist the supplier on the website supplierblacklist.com. This website states that it was created in 2012 by: “…a group of international buyers who fell victim to poor performance and lack of professionalism of certain overseas suppliers.  This group decided to do something about it.  They created this website with the hopes of giving buyers a platform on which to voice grievances and help other buyers avoid these bad suppliers.”

 

For more on sourcing products from China, contact us at info@sourcingallies.com. We have been helping western companies manufacture products in China since 2006.


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